Physical fitness is the ability to operate effectively throughout your workday, do your usual activities, and others have enough energy left to handle any additional restrictions or emergencies that may arise.
The components of fitness are:
* Cardiorespiratory (CR) endurance – the efficiency with which the organization provides oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transport of waste from cells.
* Muscular strength – the maximum amount of force a muscle or group of muscles can exert in a single effort.
* Muscular endurance – the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform repeated movements with a sub-maximal force for extended periods.
* Flexibility – the ability to move joints or any group of joints through an entire, normal range of motion.
* Body composition – the percentage of body fat a person has in relation to the total mass of the body.
Improving the first three elements of this form will have a positive impact on body composition and result in less fat. Excess body fat comes in contact with other fitness components, reduces performance, reduces the appearance and affect your health.
Factors such as speed, agility, muscle strength, hand-eye coordination and eye-foot coordination are classified as components of “motor” fitness. These factors most affect your athletic ability. Appropriate training can improve these factors within the limits of your abilities. A sensible weight loss and exercise program to improve or maintain all elements of physical fitness and motor through sound, progressive, mission specific physical training.
Principles of exercise
The observance of certain principles of exercise are important for developing an effective program. The same principles of exercise apply to everyone at all fitness levels, the Olympic-caliber athlete to the weekend jogger.
These basic principles of exercise should be followed.
To obtain a training effect, you must exercise regularly. We must show each of the first four components of fitness, at least three times a week. rarely exercise can do more harm than good. Regularity is also important to rest, sleep, and following a healthy diet.
The intensity (strength) and / or duration (how long) of exercise should be gradually increased to improve the level of fitness.
To be effective, the program should include activities that cover all aspects of fitness, since too much emphasis on one of them can hurt others.
Offering a variety of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.
Education should be oriented towards specific goals. For example, people become better runners if their training emphasizes the implementation. Although swimming is great exercise, it does not improve a 2-mile-long and the current program does.
One day training for a given element of fitness should be followed by an easier training day or rest day for that component and / or muscle group (-ies) to help permit recovery. Another way to allow recovery is to alternate muscle groups exercised every day, especially when training for strength and / or muscle strength.
The workload for each exercise period exceed the normal demands placed on the body to produce a ripple effect.